Fabian Demicoli

Hourly labour costs ranged from €3.7 to €40.1 across the EU28 Member States in 2013


In 2013, average hourly labour costs
in the whole economy (excluding agriculture and public administration) were
estimated to be €23.7 in the EU28 and €28.4 in the euro area (EA17). However,
this average masks significant differences between EU Member States, with the
lowest hourly labour costs recorded in Bulgaria (€3.7), Romania (€4.6), Lithuania (€6.2) and Latvia (€6.3), and the
highest in Sweden (€40.1), Denmark (€38.4), Belgium (€38.0), Luxembourg (€35.7) and France (€34.3).

Within the
business economy, labour costs per hour were highest in industry (€24.6 in the
EU28 and €31.0 in the euro area), followed by services
(€23.9 and €28.0 respectively) and construction (€21.0 and €24.5). In the
mainly non-business economy (excluding public administration), labour costs per
hour were €23.2 in the EU28 and €27.7 in the euro area.

Labour costs
are made up of wages & salaries and non-wage costs such as employers'
social contributions. The share of non-wage costs in the whole economy was
23.7% in the EU28 and 25.9% in the euro area, varying between 8.0% in Malta and
33.3% in Sweden.

These
preliminary estimates for 2013, published by Eurostat, the statistical office
of the European Union, cover enterprises with 10 or more employees and are
based on the 2008 Labour Cost Survey and the Labour Cost Index.

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